Friday, January 4, 2013

Hindi translations for some English words

CRICKET : Gol guttam lakad battam de danadan pratiyogita

CRICKET TEST MATCH : Pakad dandu, maar mandu, de danaadan pratiyogita

TABLE TENNIS : Lakdi ke phalak kshetra pe Le takaatak de takaatak ,
               harit mej par idhar se thaka thak udhar se thaka thak

LAWN TENNIS : Hari Ghaas pe Le danadan, de danadan

LIGHT BULB : Vidyut Prakashak Kanch golak

TIE : Kanth Langot

MATCH BOX : Ragdampatti Agni Utpaadan Peti

TRAFFIC SIGNAL : Aavat Jaavat Suchak Jhandaa

TEA : Dugdh Jal Mishrit Sharkara Yukt Parvat utpaditt peya

TRAIN : Sahastra Chakra Louh Path Gaamini

ALL ROUTE PASS : Yatr Tatr Sarvatr Gaman Aagya Patr

RAILWAY SIGNAL : Loh Path Gamini Suchak Yantra

RAILWAY SIGNAL : Agni Rath Aava Gaman Soochak Pattika

RAILWAY SIGNAL : Louh path gaamini aawagaman suchak yantra


BUTTON : Ast Vyast Vastra Niyantrak

MOSQUITO : Gunjanhaari Manav Rakt Pipasu Jeev

CIGERETTE : Shweta patra mandit dhumra shalakha praveen.

Telephone: Durbhash

Mobile phone: Chal durbhash, brahmdhwani

INTERNET: antar jaal

We know that English language has always been incorporating words from other languages. The words in English are taken from German (eg. blitzkrieg, poltergeist, zeitgeist, hamburger, gesundheit, doppelganger and kindergarten) , Russian ( babushka, pogrom, cosmonaut, bolshevik, taiga, glasnost, perestroika , czar, vodka) , Spanish ( adios, albatross, banana, mosquito, papaya etc), French (a la carte, a la mode, adieu, avant garde, bon voyage, bureau, cafe, chauffeur, deja vu, entrepreneur, gaffe, hors d'oevur, lassez faire, montage, noveaue, renaissance, tableau etc) , Italian (intaglio, influenza, macaroni, spaghetti, studio, tempo, pizza, paparazzi etc) , Hindustani ( ghat, bazaar, avatar, bungalow, cheetah, curry, guru, juggernaut, jungle, thug, pyjamas, raita, shawl, shampoo, typhoon, sorbet(sharbat), verandah etc)  among other languages.

At the same time, Hindi also does not have a vocabulary of its own has historically taken loanwords from languages like Persian( hargiz, hamesha, rang, imandar etc.), Chinese (chai, paneer), Arabic(wakeel), Turkish(top), French(kartoos) etc. In fact the very word Hindi is from Persian for the area around Indus (Sindhu) so it defies logic why they are currently refusing foreign words from languages like English. I believe that such words which are cumbersome and never used are simply a waste and symbolic of  ego of some people. I believe that using loanwords would enhance the language, and not undermine it.  

Wednesday, August 22, 2012

India and Olympics

India recently put up its best show at the Olympics, winning total of 6 medals including 2 silver. This show came on the heels of strong showings in the Delhi Common Wealth Games 2010 and the Guangzhou Asian Games 2011. No doubt the showing by the athletes is commendable, but do we think that it is a big achievement that we still crave for a single gold medal even though we are the second populous country in the world?

For long we have taken pride in being the world champions in hockey and boast of players of the caliber of the hockey wizard, Major Dhyan Chand. The Major had such mastery over the ball that in Berlin, 1936 the officials broke his stick to check for magnets. No one could comprehend his level of  skill. India's record of retaining the hockey gold for 24 years is still unbroken. Yet, if you took at the medal tally it would say one medal. For about 60 years India's best showing was 1 gold+1 bronze by Kasaba Jadhav, which was bettered in 2008 Beijing games. For 3 consecutive games from Atlanta 1996 to Athens 2004 we gloated over a solitary medal for our showing, either silver or bronze. Certain countries like North Korea would wonder what we are celebrating so much when small countries like them can win 3-4 gold medals at one games.

Many of us would feel that given our manpower, we should do better and win 3-4 gold medals at least, if not 30-40 which USA/China consider as regular. And this "many" would include a considerable number of foreigners also. We did win 3 medals at Beijing, now doubled that at London and we aim for 10 medals at Rio, which is a distinct possibility also. The current generation of winners should inspire the next generations and we should produce more and more winners over the decades. That sounds good on hearing, but we also need a reality check. Fact is, we can become a sporting superpower but the way things are now, I do not see it happening.

Everyone wants to get his share of publicity by giving big rewards to the winners. When the river is flowing, wash your hands in it. When the people are overjoyed, spend a little and come in the news for it. Fact is, the facilities at the grass root and the system remains the same as before. Sushil Kumar still has to train in a ghetto sort of room with 8-10 wrestlers in one room with just one fan for his stay. 

So whats it like in the current sporting superpowers? Lets take a brief look. Firstly, we consider USA. In USA the grades of every students are tied to excellence is sports, and you are free to choose the sport of your choice. So the schools as well as parents are bound to provide facilities for sports. As a result, by the time you pass out of school, most of the students play at least two games at a competitive level. In contrast, 90% of us Indians are not even aware of most of the games, let alone know how to play it. For instance, you did not even know what "double trap shooting" is before Colonel Rajya Vardhan Singh Rathore won that silver at Athens, perhaps you still dont know but do understand its a shooting event. So how do we excel at sports when we have never even played the sport in our life? Olympic sports like boxing and wrestling still remain the poor man's sports as there is virtually no glamour or career scope perceived by the middle or upper class. People take up sports to serve as a means for landing a government job, or some seat in govt college in sports quota. 

As for China, they are a classic example of what a communist nation can achieve. Everything is provided by the state, and the individuals work for the state. China did not participate in the Olympics till they deemed themselves worthy of winning. They first participated in the games in 1952(only in one event) and then were a regular from 1984 when they won their first gold medal. China has taken a strategic approach to maximizing the number of medals. In the Olympics, maximum number of medals can be won in individual events. Like in athletics, one person can participate in multiple events like Michael Phelps participates in races of varying lengths, and also in the relay race. Whereas in team events, about a dozen people combine to win a solitary medal at best. This also reflects in China's showing where they dominate the individual events but come a cropper in the team events like football and hockey. Either they don't participate, or participate and come last in such events. Having said that, they have pumped billions of dollars in their sports like table tennis, badminton etc where their level of domination is beyond belief. Like in table tennis, they sweep all medals across the disciplines like singles and doubles. But their domination does not end there. A majority of the players representing the rest of the countries are also from Chinese origin ! They took to playing for other countries since the competition is too tough in China. China provides top class facilities to its players even at the grass root level.

If we contrast that with India, we would find that for a long period we were dominant in only hockey. So, no matter how good we were, we would get only one medal, and nothing was done about the other sports. Now, there is some shift in this scenario and we are now producing more competitive players in individual areas and at the same time we are flopping in hockey. So the number of medals is expected to go up only. Although, the facilities that our players get cannot begin to compare with the facilities and system in China.

The third place in the London Olympics went to hosts England, and we were a hard to notice #55. Its true that they would have got certain decisions in their favour, but we fail to notice their preparation expenses were also 10 times more than us. We were supposed to be a superpower in archery, boasting of the likes of Deepika Kumari who is the world number 1. But everyone flopped and lost in the first round, including Deepika. Stats show that England, which is not even a known superpower in archery, had spent more than 4 times the amount we spent on archery. The way our archers displayed nerves it is evident that they need a psychologist, though the windy conditions in England also created problems, and England did have the home advantage.

So how do we approach the olympics and what can we hope to achieve? We are not physically very strong but we are good in sports that require skill. So we can do well in sports like shooting, badminton, wrestling, archery, boxing etc but we would struggle to make a mark in athletics I believe. We can target such sports initially and make them our string point for the times to come. Our current contingents become nervous when it comes to the crunch so we lack mental toughness which should be ingrained. If we give top class training facility and equipment to our players and they display tough character and temperament we should be good enough for 2-3 gold medals with our current contingents, which should be a realistic target. If we want to become a superpower, it wont happen until sports are embraced at school level and we target sports like we targeted literacy at one point. 

Thursday, July 21, 2011

A brief History of India

The original inhabitants of ancient India were called Adidases, who lived in two cities called Hariappa and Mujhe-na-Daro. These cities had the best drain system in the world and so there was no brain drain from them Ancient India was full of myths which have been handed down from son to father. A myth is a female moth. A collection of myths is called mythology, which means stories with female caricatures. One myth says that people in olden times worshipped monkeys because they were our incestors.

In olden times there were two big families in India. One was called the Pandava and the other was called the Karova. They fought amongst themselves in a battle called Mahabharat, after which India came to be known as MeraBharat Mahan.

In midevil times India was ruled by the Slave Dienasty. So named because they all died a nasty death. Then came the Tughlaqs who shifted their capital from Delhi because of its pollution. They were followed by the Mowglis. The greatest Mowgli was Akbar because he extinguished himself on the battlefield of Panipat which is in Hurryana. But his son Jehangir was peace loving; he married one Hindu wife and kept 300 porcupines. Then came Shahajahan who had 14 sons. Family planning had not been invented at that time. He also built the Taj Mahal hotel for his wife who now sleeps there. The king sent all his sons away to distant parts of India because they started quarrelling. Dara Seiko was sent to UP, Shaikh Bhakhtiyar was sent to J & K, while Orangezip came to Bombay to fight Shivaji. However,after that they changed its name to Mumbai because Shivaji's sena did not like it. They also do not like New Delhi, so they are calling it Door Darshan.

After the Mowglis came Vasco the Gama. He was an exploder who was circumcising India with a 100 foot clipper. Then came the British. They brought with them many inventions such as cricket, tramtarts and steamed railways. They were followed by the French who brought in French fries, pizzazz and laundry. But Robert Clive drove them out when he deafened Duplex who was out membered since the British had the queen on their side.

Eventually, the British came to overrule India because there was too much diversity in our unity. The British overruled India for a long period.They were great expotents and impotents. They started expoting salt from India and impoting cloth. This was not liked by Mahatma Gandhi who wanted to produce his own salt. This was called the Swedish moment. During this moment, many people burnt their lion cloths in the street and refused to wear anything else. The British became very angry at this and stopped the production of Indian testiles.

In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi was married to one wife. Soon after he became the father of the nation. In 1942 he started the Quiet India moment, so named because the British were quietly lootoing our country. In 1947, India became free and its people became freely loving. This increased our population. Its government became a limited mockery, which means people are allowed to take the law in their own hands with the help of the police. Our constipation is the best in the world because it says that no man can be hanged twice for the same crime. It also says you cannot be put in prison if you have not paid your taxis. Another important thing about our constipation is that it can be changed. This is not possible with the British constipation because it is not written on paper. The Indian parlemint consists of two houses which are called lower and higher. This is because one Mr Honest Abe said that two houses divided against itself cannot withstand. So Pandit Nehru asked the British for freedom at midnight since the British were afraid of the dark. At midnight, on August 15, there was a tryst in parlemint in which many participated by wearing khaki and hosting the flag. Recently in India, there have been a large number of scams and a plaque,it can be dangerous because many people died of this plaque in Surat. Scams are all over India. One of these was in Bihar where holy cows were not given anything to eat by their elected leader. The other scam was in Bofor which is a small town in Switzerland.In this, a lot of Indian money was given to buy a gun which can shoot a coot.

Presently India has a coalishun government made up of many parties, left,right and centre. It has started to library the economy. This means that there is now no need for a licence as the economy will be driven by itself.

India is also trying to become an Asian tiger because its own tigers are being poached. Another important event this year was the Shark meeting at Malas Dive. At this place, shark leaders agreed to share their poverty, pollution and population.

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

English quotes and their translation

"When you really desire something from the heart and soul, all the universe conspires you to achieve it"
-Paulo Coelho, the Alchemist
"kisi cheez ko agar dil se chaho, to poori kaynat use tum se milane me lag jati hai"
-Shah Rukh Khan, Om Shanti Om

"The woods are lovely dark and deep
but I have promises to keep
and miles to go before I sleep"
-Robert Frost, Stopping by woods on a snowy evening
"Raat ke andhere me kami nahi ayi
door hai wo manzil abhi nahi ayi"
-Naseeruddin Shah

Monday, March 28, 2011

Introduction to programming answers

These are some of the answers given in the sheet of of a student. The subject is C language.

1)The use of & operator is to differentiate between 2 words or sentences. It is basically used to differentiate between 2 things.

2)DFD stands for Data functional detachment.DFD is used to exchange data from computer to computer.DFD is very useful in storing multiple data.DFD encapsulates the data stored. DFD is very useful for processing data.

3)Identifier is a fundamental unit which identifies the variable whether it is a correct variable or not.

4)getchar() command ensures that the character is correct or not. Getche() is used to differentiate between 2 different components.

5)Format specifier is a specifier in which the specifier is formatted. It is used to specify the command and format it.

6)Double int command is used to ensure the type of data. Double int command full form is integer. Double int command is of integer type.